The Diabetes mellitus commonly referred to as Diabetes . Diabetes mellitus is a disease of the pancreas. It is a metabolic disorder , When a person has diabetes, the pancreas either cannot produce enough insulin, uses the insulin incorrectly, or both. Insulin works together with glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream to help it enter the body's cells to be burned for energy. If the insulin isn't functioning properly, glucose cannot enter the cells. This causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, creating a condition of high blood sugar or diabetes, and leaving the cells without fuel This disorder is characterized by constant high levels of blood glucose (sugar). Human body has to maintain the blood glucose level at a very narrow range, which is done with hormone insulin.
What are the common types of diabetes?
There are two common forms of diabetes: type 1 and type 2
Type 2: In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes insulin, but it either doesn't produce enough insulin or the insulin does not work properly. Type 2 diabetes may sometimes be controlled with a combination of diet, weight management and exercise. However, treatment also may include oral glucose-lowering medications or insulin injections.
Generally, type 2 diabetes is more common in people over age 40 who are overweight. However, Nine out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2.
Gestational Diabetes : Gestational diabetes occurs when there is a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. As pregnancy progresses, the developing baby has an increased need for glucose. Hormone changes during pregnancy also affect the action of insulin, resulting in high blood glucose levels.
Pregnant women who have an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes include those who:
- Are over 25 years old
- Are above their desired body weight
- Have a family history of diabetes Usually, blood glucose levels return to normal after childbirth. However, women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
- History of CVD
- Physical inactivity
- Familial history
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- Gestational Diabetes
Symptom Of Diabetes :
Type 2 diabetes typically develops slowly, whereas type 1 diabetes develops over a short period. Some of the common symptoms include the following:
|Diabetes||126 or Higher|
|Diabetes||200 or Higher|
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: diabetes is diagnosed if glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL 2 hours after drinking a glucose drink.
|Normal||Less than 5.6%|
|Pre-diabetes||5.7 - 6.4%|
Diabetes 6.5% or higher-
Urine analysis :
Possible complications include:
'Awareness is the only Cure for Diabetes'
Preventing Diabetes Complications
Strong Will Power, Motivation & Determination to achieve Success
The most important step is to have a positive attitude and persistence of efforts to succeed in any sphere of life. Don't be afraid of failures. Remember that leading a healthy life is in your own hands.
Always do regular exercise (at least 5 days/week) as per your need and fitness (cardiovascular) and strictly adhere to it. Adopt an active lifestyle. Exercise helps in controlling blood glucose, blood pressure and lipids. It also helps you to fight against diabetes and its complication. Research shows that both 'Aerobic Exercise' and 'Resistance Training' can help control Diabetes, but the Greatest Benefit comes from a 'Fitness Program" that includes both.