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Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person's weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in metres). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.

The Metric Imperial BMI Formula is:

What are the causes of obesity?

Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little.

Exercise or physical activity is grossly lacking amongst the "modern office" at work, "idiot box" at home and "car" between the two places.

Obesity doesn't happen overnight. It develops gradually over time, as a result of poor diet and lifestyle choices, such as:

  • eating large amounts of processed or fast food - that's high in fat and sugar
  • drinking too much alcohol - alcohol contains a lot of calories, and people who drink heavily are often overweight
  • eating out a lot - you may be tempted to also have a starter or dessert in a restaurant, and the food can be higher in fat and sugar
  • eating larger portions than you need - you may be encouraged to eat too much if your friends or relatives are also eating large portions
  • drinking too many sugary drinks - including soft drinks and fruit juice
  • comfort eating - if you have low self-esteem or feel depressed, you may eat to make yourself feel better
  • Unplanned healthy quick meals due to time constraint.
  • Couch potatoes easily become obese as they snack while watching their favourite programs in television .
  • Smoking and excessive drinking. Undue mental stress .
  • At workplace, sitting in front of computer for around 8 hours of the work day.

  • Suggestions' for obese people

    A combination of all the steps works the best:

  • Plain hot water should be drunk after meals.
  • Everyday the first thing which should be intaken is a glass of tepid water mixed with 2 spoons of freshly squeezed lemon juice and 2 spoons of honey.
  • Simple changes in eating habits should be made like a healthy well-balanced diet should be eaten, which includes right amount of carbohydrates along with less fats and sugars and high intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes and beans.
  • The best way to lighten oneself is to do physical activity and right exercises in a disciplined manner combined with sensible eating.
  • Stress should be controlled as it leads to weight gain.
  • Goal of reducing weight and plan of action should be written.
  • Progress should be monitored weekly to see if one is on the track otherwise the plan should be revised.